Bonding and veneers make your teeth look better by changing their colour, shape or spacing.
Bonding is a quick and painless way to repair chips and close spaces on your teeth. Bonding uses a white plastic paste, called composite filling - a plastic that is soft at first, but that becomes hard and durable when cured with special light.
This filling material can be tinted to match the colour of natural teeth and can also be contoured and shaped to resemble the missing part of a chipped tooth. It can make a fractured tooth look whole and perfect again. Composite fillings can even build up the size of teeth so gaps between them are reduced or eliminated.
Here's how bonding is done:
We put a mild chemical on your tooth to make it clean. This step helps the composite filling stick better to the enamel of your tooth.
The composite filling is mixed and tinted to match the colour of your natural teeth.
We place the tooth coloured composite filling on your tooth in layers.
A special light is used to harden (or cure) each layer of the filling as it is put on your tooth.
After the last layer of composite filling is hardened (or cured), we shape and polish the filling so the finished tooth looks natural and smooth.
- It's painless. There's usually only minor drilling involved, so there is no need for a local anesthetic.
- It doesn't take much time. Several teeth can usually be veneered in one visit.
- It costs a lot less than crowns. Before direct veneering, crowns were the only way to improve the look of chipped, widely-spaced or discoloured teeth.
- It can be used on children, because bonded material can be removed and replaced as children's teeth grow.
- Bonding treatment doesn't last as long as crowns. It can last from five to 10 years, compared to 10 to 20 years for crowns.
- Some composite resins can be stained by tobacco, coffee, tea, blueberries, grape juice, cherries and red wine.
- If the seal between your tooth and the bonding material isn't perfect, decay can occur under the composite resin.
Veneers are very thin acrylic or porcelain shells that are attached to the front part of teeth. Like bonding, veneers can cover badly-stained teeth, chipped teeth, uneven teeth and large fillings. They are like false finger nails covering your natural nails.
Here's how veneers are done:
On your first visit, we may give you freezing (called a local anesthetic). we then remove part of the enamel from your teeth to make room for the veneers. We then make a mold (or an impression) of your teeth. The impression is sent to a dental lab, where your veneers are custom-made. In the meantime we place temporary veneers on the prepared teeth.
On the next visit, we remove the temporary veneer from the teeth.
The veneers are then attached to your teeth one by one, using a special cement.