3 Harwood Ave South. Ajax, Ontario, L1S 2C1

To book an appointment or learn more please call: (905) 686 4343

FAQs - Problems

Immediately. Getting to a dentist within 30 minutes can make the difference between saving and losing a tooth. When a tooth is knocked out:

    • Immediately call us for an emergency appointment.

 

    • Handle the tooth by the crown, not the root. Touching the root (the part of the tooth below the gum) can damage cells necessary for bone reattachment.

 

    • Gently rinse the tooth in water to remove dirt. Do not scrub.

 

    • Place the clean tooth in your mouth between the cheek and the gum to keep it moist.

 

    • It is important not to let the tooth dry out.

 

  • If it is not possible to store the tooth in the mouth of the injured person, wrap the tooth in a clean cloth or gauze and immerse in milk.
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The pain, discomfort or tenderness in or around the temporomandibular joints are referred to as TMJ disorders.

 

Signs and symptoms of TMJ disorders can include:

 

  • Tenderness or pain in the face
  • Pain in the jaw
  • Pain in or around the ear
  • Pain in the neck area
  • Stiffness in jaw
  • Chewing discomfort
  • Difficulty chewing
  • Headaches
  • Difficulty opening and closing the mouth
  • Locking of the jaw
  • Painful clicking of the jaw
  • Teeth that don't come together properly when eating or chewing

It's also important to note that some clicking of the jaw is normal and that other problems can cause facial pain, such as sinus, headaches and earaches.

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They are the last teeth to erupt in the back of your mouth. Usually, they erupt between the ages of 17 and 25. Occasionally, though, they find their way out much later than that; some never erupt at all.

Thanks to evolution, we are evolving into the proud ownership of smaller jaws; unfortunately our teeth are not quite keeping pace. Most of our jaws only have room for 28 teeth; we have 32.

Basically, this means that the last teeth to erupt, which are the wisdom teeth, have nowhere to go if there is not enough room remaining. In this case if they are not removed they may have to be extracted. Please call our office and we will check this out.

Pain and swelling can occur and just simple antibiotics may cure this and you may then not have to have extractions.

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We know what canker sores are, but the exact cause is still unknown. Women statistically suffer from canker sores more often than men. Canker sores are typically seen in people between the ages of 10 and 40, although they have been known to show up at any age.

There is reason to believe that certain types of bacteria and/or viruses are responsible for the painful mouth sores. Canker sores are not contagious and are not related to the herpes simplex virus, also known as cold sores.

Canker sores are caused by:

  • Injuries to the mouth, as seen frequently by contact sports players. Accidentally biting the inside of the cheek or lip may also result in a canker sore
  • Temperature hot food or drink may cause a canker sore in the area of the mouth that was essentially burnt by the offending substance
  • Spicy and/or acidic foods often produce a canker sore as a response to the irritation these spices and acids create in the mouth
  • The use of chewing (smokeless) tobacco will often cause a canker sore to develop in the area of the mouth where the tobacco is held, due to the irritating chemicals found in the addictive product
  • Poor-fitting, complete or partial dentures may cause canker sores in the area of the mouth where the denture may rubbing on the tissue. The development of a canker sore is often one of the first signs that indicate the need for a denture reline or adjustment by your dentist or denturist
  • Orthodontic brackets, bands, and various other orthodontic attachments will often cause canker sores to develop in area of the mouth where there is constant friction on the oral tissues. This is common when orthodontic treatment first begins and may occur after each subsequent adjustments, throughout each stage of treatment
  • Allergies to metals such as nickel may become evident in the mouth of a person wearing orthodontic devices necessary to move the teeth. Canker sores may begin to appear adjacent to the metal attachments. This is often referred to as contact dermatitis.
  • Broken teeth are often sharp and may rub on the oral tissues to produce painful canker sores. Broken restorations may also cause a similar effect on the oral tissues
  • Emotional stress has been identified as a possible trigger that may cause the development of canker sores
  • Bacteria responsible for peptic ulcers known as Helicobacter pylori, has been linked to canker sore occurrence
  • Vitamin deficiencies, specifically vitamin B12, foliate (folic acid), and iron, may trigger canker sore development
  • Hormonal changes, notably during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, have been linked to canker sores
  • Canker sores often run in families. Genetics my be a factor for many canker sore sufferers
  • Allergic reactions and sensitivities to certain foods may cause a canker sore to develop. Allergic reaction to certain types of bacteria found in the mouth may also result in this type of mouth ulcer
  • Celiac disease sufferers may experience canker sores. Gluten may be associated with the development of canker sores in those with celiac disease
  • Information associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often will list canker sores as a complication associated with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
  • Mouth sores are a common occurrence observed in immuno-suppressed patients, such as those with HIV/AIDS
  • Behcet's Disease, a rare autoimmune disease that damages the body's blood vessels notes mouth sores, more specifically canker sores, as a one of the four most common symptoms of the disease
  • Sodium lauryl sulfate is a common ingredient in toothpaste and had been associated with the development of canker sores

Treatment is generally not necessary for most canker sores as they tend to heal quickly on their own. If canker sores persist for longer than 2 weeks, see the dentist.

See your dentist immediately if canker sores:

  • Become unusually larger than normal
  • Are extremely painful, interfering with eating, drinking, and talking
  • Begin to appear more frequently than normal
  • Do not heal after 14 days
  • Are accompanied by a high fever
  • Appear to become infected
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While anyone get dry mouth, also called xerostomia, it is a common problem among older adults. In fact, the Oral Cancer Foundation estimates that 20% of elderly people suffer from dry mouth and this condition is also a hidden cause of tooth loss and gum disease in 30 percent of adults.

 

Dry mouth, which is the reduced flow of saliva, could be a symptom of a particular medical condition or a side effect of certain medications. Sufficient saliva is needed in the mouth to wash away food debris and reduce plaque by neutralizing the acids that plaque produces.

 

Common medications taken that may cause dry mouth are:

 

  • Antihistamines
  • Blood pressure medications
  • Pain pills
  • Decongestants
  • Incontinence medications
  • Antidepressants
  • Diuretics
  • Muscle relaxers
  • Parkinson’s disease medications

If you suffer from dry mouth, be sure to discuss treatment methods, such as saliva substitutes, with your dentist. Sugar-free gum and candy also can increase saliva flow.

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An abscess of the tooth is an infection. An abscess can include pus and swelling of the soft gum tissues surrounding the tooth. An abscess can develop from tooth decay or tooth trauma, such as a broken tooth. If there is an opening in the enamel of a tooth, such as a cavity, bacteria can get in and infect the pulp (center) of the tooth and cause an abscess.

Once an abscess happens, the infection could spread throughout the mouth and body. A root canal is usually the only option to save a tooth once it has become abscessed. If you suspect that you have an abscessed tooth, you should see your dentist right away.

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Halitosis -- known as bad breath to most -- is an embarrassing condition that can affect anyone at anytime, and is caused by several factors. The most common causes of bad breath are preventable and easily treated, however certain medical conditions may also cause bad breath. Chronic halitosis may indicate an underlying medical concern that should be addressed by your dentist or medical doctor.

Learn about the most common reasons why you may experience bad breath, and when you should see a dentist for your halitosis.

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Bruxism is the clenching and / or grinding of your teeth, especially at night. Clenching refers to tightly clamping your top and bottom teeth together The force of clenching causes stressful pressure on the muscles, tissues and jaw. Jaw disorders, jaw pain, soreness, headaches, earaches, damaged teeth and other problems can result from bruxism. If clenching causes jaw pain, it can disrupt sleeping and eating, lead to other dental problems or create TMJ problems. Nightly grinding can also disturb sleeping partners. Your dentist can make a clear night guard for you to sleep in to alleviate the clenching or grinding.

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Calculus, also known as tartar, is the hardened residue that forms on your teeth when plaque is not removed. Plaque can be removed by brushing twice a day and flossing daily. If tartar is allowed to remain on the teeth and below the gumline, it can lead to chronic infection and inflammation. The only way to remove tartar is to have your teeth professionally cleaned at your dental office.

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Dry mouth, also known as xerostomia, is the reduced flow of saliva. Sufficient saliva is needed in the mouth to wash away food debris and reduce plaque by neutralizing the acids that plaque produces.

 

Gingivitis, gum disease and severe tooth decay often occur if dry mouth is left untreated. Other common problems linked to dry mouth are:

 

  • Difficulty speaking
  • Hoarseness
  • Persistent sore throat
  • Problems with speaking
  • Problems with swallowing
  • Burning sensation in the mouth
  • Dry nasal passages

If you suffer from dry mouth, be sure to discuss treatment methods, such as saliva substitutes, with your dentist. Sugar-free gum and candy also can increase saliva flow

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Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease, which can be treated and reversed if diagnosed early. The signs and symptoms are red, swollen and puffy gums that bleed easily. If treatment is not received, gingivitis could progress into periodontitis, an advanced and more serious stage of gum disease which includes bone loss and is not reversible. Gum disease is one of the main causes of tooth loss in adults and has also been linked to heart attacks and strokes.

Brushing twice a day, flossing daily, regular dental checkups and dental cleanings are the best preventions against gum disease.

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Halitosis is a clinical name for bad breath. According to dental studies, about 85% of people with bad breath have a dental condition that is to blame. These conditions could be one or more of the following:

 

·gum disease

 

·cavities

 

·poor oral hygiene

 

·oral cancer

 

·bacteria on the tongue

Regular dental check ups & cleanings, flossing daily, and brushing your teeth & tongue twice a day can greatly reduce and possibly eliminate halitosis.

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The food we eat can adversely affect our breath. Odors from garlic, onions, cabbage, and certain spices may result in halitosis when the suspected food is absorbed into the blood tream after digestion. When the blood has transferred to the lungs, the smell from the food is evident when you exhale.

With eating comes digestion, another cause of bad breath. Gasses produced during the digestive process may escape through your mouth, emanating the odor it produces. Poor digestion resulting in constipation and disorders of the bowel may contribute to bad breath again, from the gasses that are produced during this process.

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The temporomandibular joint, also known as TMJ, is the ball and socket joint that connects the lower jaw to the bone on each side of the head. The temporomandibular joint is stabilized by muscles that make it possible to open and close the mouth. The pain, discomfort or tenderness in or around these joints are referred to as TMJ disorders.

According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, TMJ disorders are more common in women than men and over 10 million people are affected by TMJ disorders.

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Tooth erosion is the wearing away of tooth enamel by acid. The enamel is the hard calcified tissue that covers and protects the outside of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in our bodies.

 

The saliva in our mouth contains calcium which helps to strengthen and remineralize the teeth, however, remineralization can not occur when a great deal of acid is present.

 

The high amount of acids in the food and drink that you consume can cause tooth erosion. Soft drinks and pure fruit juices contain a high amount of acid.

Tooth erosion can also be caused by medical factors such as a decrease in saliva, acid reflux disease, certain gastrointestinal conditions and the eating disorder bulimia.

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Tooth sensitivity is a common problem that affects millions of people. Basically, tooth sensitivity means experiencing pain or discomfort to your teeth from sweets, cold air, hot drinks, cold drinks or ice cream. Some people with sensitive teeth even experience discomfort from brushing and flossing. The good news is that sensitive teeth can be treated.

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  • Attempt to reposition the tooth to its normal alignment using very light finger pressure, but do not force the tooth.

 

  • Bite down to keep the tooth from moving.

 

  • We may splint the tooth in place to the two healthy teeth next to the loose tooth in order for it to tighten.
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If you are not in any pain then call our office as soon as possible and make an appointment, but try and keep the tooth as clean as possible and avoid biting hard on that tooth. If you have pain, then you will need to come to our office ASAP as an emergency. Please bring the broken part with you if possible.

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A common problem is that teeth will crack, either due to trauma, grinding, clenching, decay or heavily filled teeth. “Cracked Tooth Syndrome” relates to a variety of symptoms and signs caused by a crack or many cracks in a tooth. Early diagnosis is needed to improve the chances of saving a cracked tooth.

Symptoms include:

• Sharp and erratic pain upon chewing or after release of biting pressure: not all cracks cause pain.

• Sensitivity to cold or hot foods/drinks, or sweets

• Difficulty in pinpointing which tooth hurts, either upper or lower

If you suspect that you may have a cracked tooth, please call our office.

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